Through his eyes – 40

Naxals’ objective was to transform India into a country like China, where, as they had claimed, everybody lived with equal rights, there was no rich and no poor, all were equal. Their utopian narrative captured the imagination of everyone – “An educated man who is working in an office does need a chair to sit down for his work and an uneducated worker working in a factory or in an agricultural land does not need one but both need food when hungry, their children need education and they would need medicine if they fell sick.” They claimed that during the Sino-Indian war of 1962 it was India who attacked China with an intention to destroy a communist nation. But their proclamation “Chairman of China is the chairman of India” was not accepted metaphorically by people probably because it lacked further narrative.

Dulal Majumdar, who was the protégé of Sadhan Sarkar, was not seen for a very long time and nobody knew if he was dead or alive and when Sadhan Sarkar was asked about him he maintained silence.

One dark cold night, almost three years after he was last seen, Dulal Mjumdar reappeared like the Halley’s Comet, bringing a great relief to everyone that he was not dead. He had won the heart of everyone, he became like a member of a family to everyone. He had a strange voice which was sweet, warm and as if coming out from the heart. In no time things started getting clear – the Naxal party had divided into many smaller groups.  Dulal Majumdar and Sadhan Sarkar belonged to two different political parties after the split, both had the same goal and that was to bring revolution, to make the society free from capitalism but probably using different means. When Dulal Majumdar was asked how their method was different from the others he only mentioned others as “reactionary”.  His group adhered to the same principle of the founder of the Naxal movement, who had died in prison.  Every single time he mentioned the name of his late leader, he started with “Our Most Respected Leader”; for another leader, who was second in command, the qualifier was “Our Leader of Heart”. Every single time he uttered any of those two names, he started with those words to show his respect. His party workers were also heard talking in the same way; it appeared that they were adhering to some standard protocol while uttering the names of their leaders, dead or alive.  He was moving out during the night as if he was still hiding from the authorities; however it was soon realized that he like Sadhan Sarkar, had signed an undertaking that he would not get involved into any kind of revolution using arms. Nobody knew if he was ever arrested, he did not mention anything about that. After few weeks he started moving around during daytime as well. Dulal Majumdar, like Sadhan Sarkar always used to say, that “Revolution is in progress, what appears to be a setback is not a setback”.

School teachers, who were primarily “arm chair Naxals” and were either arrested or hiding to evade arrests also returned and were reinstated into their old jobs. Many young people who joined the Naxal movement were killed either during police encounter or murdered by CPIM workers, only few who were alive returned and having no skill started working as laborers to support their families. When they were asked about the “revolution” they used to give the same assurance “Revolution cannot be stopped, it is in progress”.

However, Dulal Majumdar was not living with his family. Nobody had ever seen him walking to his house even for once to meet his old parents. As long as he was seen in the neighborhood his food and shelter was provided by the people and everybody felt happy to do something for him.


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